Sustainable Management of Industrial Risk French Example and REACH Regulation

A risk is an event that if it happens, can have positive or negative impact. In fact, we are living in a world driven by risk; however, we are not, in most of the times, aware about the concept of “Risk” especially while we are in the process of decision making. The extreme impact of certain kinds of rare and unpredictable events (outliers), provoke humans' tendency to find simplistic explanations for these events retrospectively, after the fact. This fact, which evolved into theory, has since become known as the black swan theory. The question that imposes itself is how we can approach risks in complex industrial contexts and manage their impacts on the corporations’ productivity and their over whole system, such as new environmental regulations, technology and new innovative technology solutions?

Actually the recent globalization accidents, such as that of Japan and Fucksuchima incident, and Mexico and BP accident, demonstrated a good example of the need to adopt risk and planning management approaches especially after crises and to study its impact on human health. In any industrial context, risk management of any industrial activity should be considered an important parameter and become a critical and essential point especially in evolutional Middle Eastern context.

Throughout our presentation, we will explain and demonstrate some of the national French regulations and policies and their adaptation to manage risk. In addition, we will highlight some innovative technology solutions used in industrial zones before and after the crises, such as : AZF factory explosion at Toulouse , Carlling Mossel incident and Erika spill oil accident on the French coast. These case studies are essential to indicate how French regulations were adapted to minimize risks, and how using a strategy and technical solution approaches could be useful to manage sites transaction and risk assessment management system.

During the presentation, we will explore thoroughly the REACH, which are the European Community Regulations on chemicals and their safe use , that deal with the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemical substances. We will present some innovative technology solutions which have been employed during different incidents to manage the risk within the crises zones.

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